Instructional Models

Instructional models provide the frame work for introducing new information in a meaningful way. Models are chosen based off of the objectives of your lesson such as : teaching facts/skills, expanding concepts, solving problems, creative thinking, analyzing, generalizing data, and learning cooperatively. For each of these goals, I will be providing models that support each as well as the basic steps necessary for implementation.

Teaching Skills, Facts, Knowledge

Direct Instruction:

  1. Review necessary information
  2. State objectives
  3. Model (I do)
  4. Complete as a class (we do)
  5. Complete individually (you do)
  6. Review necessary information

Introducing and/or Expanding Concepts

Concept Attainment:

  1. Review process
  2. Present examples and non-examples
  3. Generate hypotheses
  4. Define concepts

Concept Development:

  1. List items
  2. Group together
  3. Regroup items
  4. Form generalization

Learning to Solve Problems


  1. Teacher selects problem
  2. Present WebQuest
  3. Students gather data and solve problem

Problem-Based Inquiry:

  1. Explore problem
  2. Map learning on inquiry chart
  3. Share solutions
  4. Take action

Develop Creative Thinking


  1. Describe topic
  2. Create analogies
  3. Describe analogies
  4. Identify conflicts
  5. Create new analogy
  6. Reexamine original topic

Analyzing Events/Text

Cause and Effect:

  1. Choose data/topic
  2. Ask for causes (support)
  3. Ask for effects (support)
  4. Ask for conclusions and generalizations

Socratic Seminar:

  1. Plan and cluster questions
  2. Introduce model
  3. Conduct discussion
  4. Review, summarize, and evaluate

Generalizing from Data

Integrative Model:

  1. Describe, compare, and search for patterns in a data set
  2. Explain identified similarities and differences
  3. Hypothesize different conditions
  4. Make broad generalizations about topic (discussion)

Learning Cooperatively


  1. Prepare questions and groups
  2. Groups answer respective questions
  3. Groups exchange questions
  4. Repeated until every group answers each question
  5. Return to original question, summarize, make generalizations
  6. Share information


  1. Introduce jigsaw
  2. Groups assigned expert of topic
  3. Expert groups process information
  4. New groups assigned with one expert from each expert group
  5. Experts teach in learning groups
  6. Individuals held accountable
  7. Evaluate process
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